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What To Do If You Have Made A Loss
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What To Do If You Have Made A Loss

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COVID Losses Cash Back Bonus – up to triple the benefits!

Due to the impact of COVID-19, the government is allowing businesses who have suffered significant losses, an opportunity to get some additional cash back into their struggling business.

In the 2021 Budget changes were announced to enhance the current Loss Relief Rules. The enhanced relief is mainly targeted at the more stable businesses who were previously successful and have suffered unforeseen losses as result of the global pandemic. Ultimately, it’s for those businesses that stand the greatest long-term chance of employing people again and paying tax in the future.

For those businesses that have been hit hard by COVID, you can receive a cash boost of up to two years extra tax back, for years previously paid to help get through these challenging times.

What’s new?

For business that have made a trading loss since April 2020 and/or forecast to make a loss up until 31st March 2022, those losses can now be carried back over the last three previous accounting periods/tax years, not just the last one.

The relief is capped at £2m of losses for each year that the relief is in place (£4m in total), and will only benefit limited companies, sole traders and partnerships that have made a profit in one or more of the last three years.

Loss Relief Cash Back Bonus - Up to triple the benefits!

What are my options?

Your immediate thoughts are probably ‘great, sign me up!’. However, depending on your business circumstances you need to consider the different options to ensure you maximise this opportunity for your business.

There are three main options:

  • Make a current Year Claim to reduce your tax bill
  • Carry Back your losses to receive a Tax Refund
  • Carry Forward your losses to reduce your future tax bill

For businesses with large losses a combination of all three should be considered.

On the losses brought forward the is restriction on the use of the loss. The maximum claim on brought forward losses is the deduction allowance of £5 million per group or standalone company plus 50% of unrelieved profits above that profit.

From 1 April 2020, the £5 million deductions allowance is shared between income and capital profits. The amount which may be claimed in relation to income profits is restricted to the amount which is not used against chargeable gains.

You can find the Case Studies from the above photo here.

How to claim the covid trading loss relief - 3 years carry back


Once the loss has been established, the claim must be made in your company's corporation tax return for the year in which the trading loss is made.

If the return has already been file, you can make an amendment to the return within 1 year of the filing deadline.

As you are claiming a corporation refund, you will need to put an X in box 45 (claim or relief affecting an earlier period) in the CT600 and include the company's bank details. You should not need to file an amendment to the previous return.

It is usually necessary to include supporting documents of how HMRC should utilise the loss as otherwise no action will be taken. A claim can be made earlier by writing to HMRC about the loss and how it should be utilise and enclosing draft management accounts as evidence.

Unincorporated Businesses

A claim will be made by your self-assessment tax return.

The deadline for making the claim is 1 year after the filing deadline (for amendments)

If a claim affects more than 1 year, a claim can be made via letter to HMRC.

A claim can be made as the loss making period has ended and the loss has been fully calculated.

There are other ways to use your losses…..

If your business has made a loss and is eligible to claim R&D Tax Relief, or even Creative Tax Relief, it’s important we consider this alongside the above options.  You need to explore the best way to utilise these trading losses – we can help make sure you do this in the most favourable way.

If your business has made a trading loss since April 2020, book a call and let’s discuss the best route to get a tax relief cash bonus back into your business.

Frequently asked questions

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This article has been provided for information purposes only. You should consult your own professional advisors for advice directly relating to your business or before taking action in relation to any of the provided content.

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What To Do If You Have Made A Loss

Written by the team at:

Saint Accountants

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